Kamilla Gumede and Michael Rosholm (2015), “Your Move: The Effect of Chess on Mathematics Test Scores” Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit, IZA DP No. 9370, September 2015. This study looked at the effect of replacing one mathematics lesson per week with a chess lesson for a group of Y4 children. It demonstrated that this led to positive results in the children’s performance in mathematics tests. A subsequent study in 2017 suggested that the chess programme had most effect on those children who were struggling to engage with their normal mathematics learning; the chess lessons gave them an alternative learning route.